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Wat volgt is een lijst van wetenschappelijke artikelen die recent gesubsidieerd werden door de Universitaire Stichting. De artikelen zijn gesorteerd op jaar van uitgave en per titel.
Facilitating spatially-explicit assessments of ecosystem service delivery to support land use planning
Vrebos, D. et al. (2020) Facilitating spatially-explicit assessments of ecosystem service delivery to support land use planning. One Ecosystem. doi: 10.3897/oneeco.5.e50540.
Since the early 2000s, there have been substantial efforts to transform the concept of ecosystem services into practice. Spatial assessment tools are being developed to evaluate the impact of spatial planning on a wide range of ecosystem services. However, the actual implementation in decision-making remains limited. To improve implementation, tools that are tailored to local conditions can provide accurate, meaningful information.
Pelgrims, C. (2020) Fetishising the Brussels roadscape. Journal of Transport History (SAGE), Vol. 41(1) 89–115 https://doi.org/10.1177/0022526619892832
Abstract: This explorative paper is an attempt to improve understanding of the material infrastructure and subjective affective investments into it. Building on the concept of “fetish”, it proposes a theoretical framework to analyse the entanglement of the functional, sensitive and social symbolic dimensions of Brussels’ “modern roads” to reinforce and stabilise a social imaginary of fast mobility.
Lehue, M. & Detrain C. (2020) Foraging through multiple nest holes: An impediment to collective decision-making in ants, Plos One, 15(7): e0234526
In social insects, collective choices between food sources are based on self-organized mechanisms where information about resources are locally processed by the foragers. Such a collective decision emerges from the competition between pheromone trails leading to different resources but also between the recruiting stimuli emitted by successful foragers at nest entrances.
Noise and a Speaker’s Impaired Voice Quality Disrupt Spoken Language Processing in School-Aged Children: Evidence From Performance and Response Time Measures
Schiller, I.S. (2020) Noise and a Speaker’s Impaired Voice Quality Disrupt Spoken Language Processing in School-Aged Children: Evidence From Performance and Response Time Measures. Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research https://doi.org/10.1044/2020_JSLHR-19-00348.
Orthodontic‐assisted one step‐ no prep technique: A straightforward and minimally‐invasive approach for localized tooth wear treatment using polymer‐infiltrated ceramic network CAD‐CAM prostheses
Mainjot, A. K. J. & Charavet, C. (2020) Orthodontic‐assisted one step‐ no prep technique: A straightforward and minimally‐invasive approach for localized tooth wear treatment using polymer‐infiltrated ceramic network CAD‐CAM prostheses, Journal of Esthetic and Restorative Dentistry, 1-17, https://doi.org/10.1111/jerd.12630
Held, K., Aloi, V. D., Nogueira Freitas, A. C. et al. (2020) Pharmacological properties of TRPM3 isoforms are determined by the length of the pore loop. British Journal of Pharmacology, Aug 11. doi: 10.1111/bph.15223
Background and Purpose
Transient receptor potential melastatin 3 (TRPM3) is a non‐selective cation channel that plays a pivotal role in the peripheral nervous system as a transducer of painful heat signals. Alternative splicing gives rise to several TRPM3 variants. The functional consequences of these splice isoforms are poorly understood. Here, the pharmacological properties of TRPM3 variants arising from alternative splicing in the pore‐forming region were compared.
Resilience in family caregivers of patients diagnosed with advanced cancer – unravelling the process of bouncing back from difficult experiences, a hermeneutic review
Opsomer, S. (2020) Resilience in family caregivers of patients diagnosed with advanced cancer – unravelling the process of bouncing back from difficult experiences, a hermeneutic review. European Journal of General Practice, 26:1, 79-85, DOI: 10.1080/13814788.2020.1784876.
Background: Despite the risk for developing mental disorders, most of advanced cancer patients’ family caregivers undergo a resilient process throughout the caregiving period. Research on resilience in caregivers of advanced cancer patients is scarce and further hindered by the lack of a univocal definition and a theoretical framework.
Objectives: To provide clarity on the concept of resilience by proposing an integrative view that can support health care professionals and researchers in conducting and interpreting research on resilience.
Bertels, J. et al. (2020) Snakes elicit specific neural responses in the human infant brain. Scientific Reports, 10:7443, https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-020-63619-y
Detecting predators is essential for survival. Given that snakes are the first of primates’ major predators, natural selection may have fostered efficient snake detection mechanisms to allow for optimal defensive behavior. Here, we provide electrophysiological evidence for a brain-anchored evolved predisposition to rapidly detect snakes in humans, which does not depend on previous exposure or knowledge about snakes. To do so, we recorded scalp electrical brain activity in 7- to 10-month-old infants watching sequences of flickering animal pictures.
Altomonte, S. et al. (2020) Ten questions concerning well-being in the built environment. Building and Environment 180, 106949. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.buildenv.2020.106949
Wauters, W. (2020) The Origins of the Furnace Motif: From Magico-Religious Ritual to Early Modern Tale of Makeability, Journal of Early Modern Christianity, 7(1): 85-110, DOI: 10.1515/jemc-2020-2015
The article delves into the fiery furnace motif and its evocations of the healing and makeability of men. Building on previous research conducted in religious history, art history and anthropology, a diachronic analysis of the textual and visual traditions of this motif is made. At its base lies the idea that the natural phenomenon of fire has a transformative power. This belief is present in several magico-religious rituals and in the visual imprint within Christian iconographical tradition. Both manifestations exist in conjunction and their evolution is intertwined.
Pierson, C. et al. Tutorial: Luminance Maps for Daylighting Studies from High Dynamic Range Photography. LEUKOS: The Journal of the Illuminating Engineering Society. DOI: 10.1080/15502724.2019.1684319.
In the field of lighting, luminance maps are often used to evaluate point-in-time lighting scenes from the occupant’s vantage point. High Dynamic Range (HDR) photography can be used to generate such luminance maps. The aim of this tutorial is to present a comprehensive overview of a step-by-step procedure to generate a 180° luminance map of a daylit scene from a sequence of multiple exposures with semiprofessional equipment and the Radiance suite of programs.
Unraveling the Essential Effects of Flocculation on Large-Scale Sediment Transport Patterns in a Tide-Dominated Estuary
Horemans, D. et al. (2020) Unraveling the Essential Effects of Flocculation on Large-Scale Sediment Transport Patterns in a Tide-Dominated Estuary, Journal of Physical Oceanography, (7): 1957–1981
Sediment transport in estuaries and the formation of estuarine turbidity maxima (ETM) highly depend on the ability of suspended particulate matter (SPM) to flocculate into larger aggregates. While most literature focuses on the small-scale impact of biological flocculants on the formation of larger aggregates, the influence of the flocculation process on large-scale estuarine SPM profiles is still largely unknown. In this paper, we study the impact of flocculation of SPM on the formation of ETM.
Use of calixarenes bearing diazonium groups for the development of robust monolayers with unique tailored properties
Troian-Gautier, L, Mattiuzzi, A., Reinaud, O., Lagrost, C. and Jabin, I (2020) Use of calixarenes bearing diazonium groups for the development of robust monolayers with unique tailored properties. Organic & Biomolecular Chemistry (The Royal Society of Chemistry), Issue 19
Surface modification represents an active field of research that finds applications, amongst others, in the development of medical devices, sensors and biosensors, anti-biofouling materials, self-cleaning surfaces, surfaces with controlled wettability, corrosion resistance, heterogeneous catalysis and microelectronics. For some applications, surface functionalization with a nanometric-size monolayer is desired. In this review, efforts to covalently functionalize a wide array of surfaces with calixarenes bearing diazonium groups are described.
‘With or Without You’: The Governance of (Local) Security and the Koglweogo Movement in Burkina Faso
Leclercq, S. and Matagne, G. (2020) ‘With or Without You’: The Governance of (Local) Security and the Koglweogo Movement in Burkina Faso. Stability: International Journal of Security and Development, 9(1), p.4. DOI: http://doi.org/10.5334/sta.716
In late 2014 and after more than two decades of a ‘semi-authoritarian’ regime, a popular insurrection in Burkina Faso led to the fall of Blaise Compaoré, president and leader of the ruling party. Due to — or parallel to — the political transition, factors of insecurity developed or were amplified, leading to a reconfiguration of the provision of security at two levels. At the central state level began a reflection around the governance model of security and the improvement of the practices of state security forces. At the local level, non-state security initiatives have multiplied.
Accurate Detection of Dobutamine-induced Haemodynamic Changes by Kino-Cardiography: A Randomised Double-Blind Placebo-Controlled Validation Study
Hossein, A. (2019) Accurate Detection of Dobutamine-induced Haemodynamic Changes by Kino-Cardiography: A Randomised Double-Blind Placebo-Controlled Validation Study. Scientific Reports, 9, Article number: 10479.
Non-invasive remote detection of cardiac and blood displacements is an important topic in cardiac telemedicine. Here we propose kino-cardiography (KCG), a non-invasive technique based on measurement of body vibrations produced by myocardial contraction and blood flow through the cardiac chambers and major vessels. KCG is based on ballistocardiography and measures 12 degrees-of-freedom (DOF) of body motion. We tested the hypothesis that KCG reliably assesses dobutamine-induced haemodynamic changes in healthy subjects.